Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. Introduction: Lumbar hyperlordosis is the most frequent postural alteration in patients with Diabetes Mellitus type 1, it is common cause of low back pain. Objectives: To diminish the lumbar hyperlordosis and to increase the muscular strength in children with Diabetes Mellitus type 1.
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Pablo A. Lizana 3. Incorrect alignment of the spinal column causes stress and unnecessary stress affecting the locomotor system. The objective of this study was to identify and establish the prevalence of hyperkyphosis and hyperlordosis and its relationship with body mass index BMI and waist-height ratio WHR in year-old students from Arica, Chile. The sagittal arrow test was used for postural evaluation of hyperkyphosis and hyperlordosis. The results show a total prevalence of postural alteration of The most frequent alterations were hyperlordosis followed by hyperkyphosis with In the sample studied we report the high prevalence of hyperkyphosis and hyperlordosis that there were not association with the indexes of overweight and obesity.
In addition, the higher prevalences of postural alterations in the sagittal plane were reported in the public school. The prevention of postural alterations and the control of overweight and obesity should be carried out early in the whole elementary education system. Estudios realizados por Yuing et al.
Santonja et al. Para evaluar las asociaciones fueron utilizadas las pruebas de chi-cuadrado y exacta de Fisher. Arica, Chile. Agosto - Noviembre, Agosto-Noviembre, Datos presentados en porcentaje y frecuencia. Similares resultados presentan Castiblanco et al. Una de las limitaciones es la naturaleza del estudio transversal que no permite un seguimiento de los sujetos.
Se observa que los estudiantes de establecimiento particular presentan menores las prevalencias de sobrepeso y de alteraciones posturales. Ainhagne, M. Arnaiz, P. Waist-to-height ratio does not change with gender, age and pubertal stage in elementary school children. Chile , 5 , Ashwell, M.
Waist-to-height ratio as an indicator of 'early health risk': simpler and more predictive than using a 'matrix' based on BMI and waist circumference. BMJ Open , 6 3 :e, Bueno, R. Postural deviations of students in Southern Brazil. Crocker, M. Pediatric obesity: Etiology and treatment. North Am. Postural evaluation of mapuche individuals in the coastal area of the IX Region in Chile. Espinoza-Navarro, O.
Prevalence of foot anomalies in schoolchildren between 6 and 12 years old of elementary education from Arica-Chile. Prevalence of postural alterations and effects of a program to improve the posture in children from Arica-Chile. Lafond, D. Postural development in school children: a cross-sectional study. Lizana Arce, P. Changes of somatotype in high school students, V region, Chile: Lizana, A. Approximation to the secular tendency of the nutritional state and body composition of high school students, V Region, Chile: Lizana, P.
Association between body composition, somatotype and socioeconomic status in Chilean children and adolescents at different school levels.
Martelli, R. Salud , 15 1 , Olmedo-Buenrostro, B. Obesidad y Sobrepeso. Rillardon, L. Validation of a tool to measure pelvic and spinal parameters of sagittal balance. Rivera, J. Childhood and adolescent overweight and obesity in Latin America: a systematic review. Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol. Rothman, K. BMI-related errors in the measurement of obesity. Santonja, F. Analysis of relationship between the body mass composition and physical activity with body posture in children.
BioMed Res. Yamamoto, T. Universal and individual characteristics of postural sway during quiet standing in healthy young adults. Yuing, F. Zurita Ortega, F. Deporte , 8 32 , Correspondence to Email: omarespinoza gmail. Servicios Personalizados Revista. Recibido: 13 de Agosto de ; Aprobado: 22 de Enero de Casilla D Temuco - Chile Tel.
Manejo de la hiperlordosis lumbar con ejercicios de Williams en niños con diabetes mellitus tipo 1