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We'd like to understand how you use our websites in order to improve them. Register your interest. A series of experiments are described which identify those characteristics of charcoals which are important for gunpowder manufacture. Charcoals from Alder Buckthorn, Alder, Beech and Douglas Fir woods were prepared by carbonization under nitrogen in the heat-treatment temperature range to K. The charcoals were characterized by elemental analysis, differential thermal analysis, measurement of spontaneous ignition temperature, morphology using scanning electron microscopy, surface-area assessment using carbon dioxide as adsorbate, mercury porosimetry and microstrength analyses.
The surface area and carbon content of the charcoal increased rapidly on heat treatment. Mercury porosimetry indicated that Alder Buckthorn and Douglas Fir charcoals had cumulative pore volumes greater than Alder charcoal and substantially greater than Beech charcoal.
The Beech charcoal was the most friable of the three hardwood charcoals tested using microstrength analysis. Alder Buckthorn and Alder charcoals are recommended for gunpowder manufacture.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Rent this article via DeepDyve. Blackwood and F. Bowden , Proc. A Google Scholar. Douillet , Memorial des Poudres 37 Campbell and G.
Weingarten , Trans. Faraday Soc. White and R. Urbanski, W. Hofman, R. Ostrowski and M. Witanowski , Bull-Acad. Urbanski , Explosivstoffe Hintze , ibid. Porter and J. Kirshenbaum , Thermochim. Acta 18 Anonymous Proceedings of the Ordnance Board, No. Gray, H.
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Gray, E. Physical characteristics of charcoal for use in gunpowder. J Mater Sci 20, — Download citation. Received : 05 March Accepted : 10 April Issue Date : February Search SpringerLink Search. Abstract A series of experiments are described which identify those characteristics of charcoals which are important for gunpowder manufacture. Immediate online access to all issues from Subscription will auto renew annually.
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Physical characteristics of charcoal for use in gunpowder
Without explosives we probably would still be riding around in horse-drawn carriages; yet when most people think of explosives, they think only of bombs and artillery shells used in warfare. It appears, however, that more explosives have been used in industry for peaceful purposes than in all the wars put together. Bureau of Mines reports, industrial consumption of explosives in the United States alone totaled nearly billion lb from through Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
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