Note from translator: What follows is the Rudra prasnam and Chamaka prasnam transliterated into English and followed by a translation in English. Care has been taken to make the English translation simple and in a form which can be chanted. The readers are cautioned that the transliteration has been given only to identify the anuvaakas and sukthaas and not for chanting. This is because Sanskrit is a very complicated language and a least phonetic language like English cannot bring out the nuances in actual chanting of this majestic and mellifluous prayer. Not being a Sanskrit scholar but one who depends upon other available translations mainly in Tamil and Malayalam, I crave your pardon for errors if any that I have committed. Agnaa Vishnu sajosh semaa vardhanthu vaam gira.
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An analysis of the Chamakam reveals in what a cogent and logical manner it proceeds and it lists out the blessings to be got from a prayer to Rudra, and prays Him to regulate and bless our life for a moment forgetting his anger.
This comprises of 11 parts. Let to oneself, one's wildest imaginings would not have traversed over so wide a compass.
All the good things of the earth are there. For what purpose? With these transient goods of the world you can perform sacrifices unto the Gods and reach their abodes. Hence extend your prayer thus: "Let me get this thing and that, but let it by ' yajnena kalpataam ', let me get them along with several sacrifices.
So as to serve in them". Thereby you can rise in the scale of beings, from a man develop into a God. Go a step further still. Understand the secret of sacrifice that the Creator Himself is performing with regard to His creation. It consists of 56 materials. The 4th is the "Food and Drink" Anuvaka which craves for grains that sustain urkcha may soonruthaa cha may..
The 5th Anuvaka marks off the real bent of Chamakam by asking for the earth and treasures on it and inside it. The 6th is shortest called "Ardhendram" in which the names of 20 Vedic gods to whom sacrifices are usually offered are coupled with that of Indra as Agnischa may indrascha may. The 7th indicates 29 vessels used for Soma sacrifices. The 9th prays for the main sacrifices including the famous Ashvamedha or horse-sacrifice along with their accompaniments and the 4 Vedas.
The 10th Anuvaka is the great dedicatory prayer. It mentions of 31 objects. It recalls the days of Vedic lifestyle of agriculture based economy prevalent at that time. And him who has three eyes, and Pray and request, to move us away from the catch of death, like the cucumber separated from its stalk, and firmly put us in the path of salvation. Oh ye Gods Agni and Vishnu May both of you bear goodwill to me. Let these words of praise of mine magnify you.
Approach me together bearing riches and food. A sanskrit sloka runs: "The Body is the root or source of all Dharmas. The Hindus attach greatest importance and regard to purity of food. This refers not only to the material external purity of food, but its inner one. Once dedicated to Gods, the food becomes nectar and lead the eater to heaven and immortality. Also it asks to be blessed with mellifluous voice, intonations of Vedic hymns, sound mind, good appetite and relish for food etc.
A man will feel the natural urge to extend one's body as it were and live in posterity; he would want to extend his dominion and control over the world, to diffuse himself and spill over a wider sphere of beneficent activity and influence. The first 2 in the list request prominence and overlordship over men.
Three and four curiously enough seeks for internal and external anger. As Aristotle puts it, " a man who is not getting justifiable anger is considered a coward ". A deeper consideration will show that there are occasions when not to get angry argues cowardice. Rama lies on Dharba Grass bed, praying for the Seagod to appear, but the latter does not appear and Rama's " Krodham Aaharayath Theevram " - took hold of keen anger and dries up the sea bed when God comes running and grants him the boon He wants.
This type of anger by Rama is commendable according to Chamakam. Besides this, the myth of believes by Westerners that Hinduism is an austere unworldly religion is smashed here by asking Bhukthi and Muthki, Shradda, healthy sports, well-stocked and furnished life, a good past and future.
This shows the ascendancy of mind and its desires. CHAMAKAM : Jayshtan cha may aadhipatyan cha may manyushcha may bhaamashcha maymashchamambhashcha may jaymaa cha may mahima cha may varimaa cha may prathimaa cha may varshmaa cha may dhraguyaa cha may vradhan cha may vrudhishcha may kreedaa cha may modashcha may jaatan cha may janishyamaanan cha may sooktam cha may sukrutan cha may vitthan cha may vaydhyan cha may bhootan cha may bhavishyachcha may sugan cha may supathan cha ma redhan cha ma rudhishcha may kluptan cha may klipthishcha may mathishcha may sumathishcha may.
It can be noted here that words occur almost in pairs, the second completing and taking up what is stated in the first, are more usually balancing this world and the next, the material and the spiritual. To acquire this, men wanders all over the world to keep feeding the tiny stomach.
Starting with food in general, 38 things are prayed for here, which can be classified as " Food and Drink Anuvakam " or the " Grains Anuvakam " in its special aspect. Grains, Millets and legume form the kings among them, the coarser and the smaller are also mentioned. The earth and all things standing on it like stone, clay, sands, hills and mountains and all trees, creepers and vegetation on it 1 to 6 ; and the animals inside it 7 to 12 ; fire and waters 13 to 14 are asked for.
Grains cultivated and uncultivated; and animals domestic and wild are next mentioned. For what? Then the sacrifices are rather expensive affairs. The Sastras prescribed that there should be a stock of 3 years' grain in the granaries before beginning some of the sacrifices. Wealth ancestral and self-earned, and the blessing of sons who can earn for themselves, and commodious houses well-furnished and well-stocked are hence listed in detail.
Agni and Indra; Soma and Indra and so on. Either their actual presence in the particular sacrifice is prayed for or their grace and acceptance of the sacrifices. The idea of invoking two Gods in a single hymn, or in a single sacrifice to ensure greater benefits, is a recurring one in the Vedas.
Why is Indra coupled with every God? Indra obtains the greater portion of the offerings than the other Gods individually. As a result, Indra is considered Yajaman - the person performing the sacrifice in the head.
India is King of Gods and as such gets as tribute half the portion of the sacrificial offerings made to the Gods. Hence, the title of this is " Arthendram " or invocation to the Gods coupled with Indra.
The performer attains to the results of the sacrifices by sacrificing to the instruments. The instruments embody the form of the sacrifice. The vessels Amsu, etc. This point is stressed here. This section fits well with the human thought that first he is asking for worldly pleasures and enjoyment, then slowly ascending to the level of Godliness.
It offers an illuminating commentary on life in Vedic times which seems to have revolved on the twin axes of agriculture and sacrifices.
Agriculture and home life revolved on cows and bulls. Items 21 to 30 are more or less a repetition of items 13 to 29 of the 1st Anuvaakam with some omissions. This ' Punarukti ' or the repetition of this section is emphasised with a purpose. It prays for 41 things; a numerals of which 1 to 17 are odd, and 18 to 29 even and taking up the strain of food with which it began in first section, it repeats the cycle of food order, but it does not stop short as before, but traces it to the ultimate root causes.
It prays for food No. What do the numbers stand for? By praying for both, the votary attains all the desires favoured both by Gods and men'. Similarly, he performs Homa mentioning even numbers till 44, for the Jagadi metre hath 44 letters. The prayer mentioned here reflects Vedic thoughts of positive thinking. In a nut shell, the Prayer here throws open its mind in calling for peaceful and serene atmosphere in the world.
Let our thoughts, actions and living be peaceful. Let our speech, hearing and praise be sweet; let this earth not cause me any trouble. CHAMAKAM : Om idaa devahoormanuryagyaneerbruhaspathiruk thaa madaani shagumsishadhvishvedevaahssookthavacha : f pru thi vimaatharmaa maa higumseermadhu manishye madhu janishye madhu vakshyaami madhu vadishyaami madhumatheem devebhyo vaachamudhyaasagumshusrooshenyaam manushyeebhyastham maa devaa avanthu shobhaayai pitharo a numadhanthu.
Manu was the sacrificer. Let me think sweet thoughts; let me perform sweet actions which bear sweet fruits; let me bear sweet offerings; let my speech and praise be sweet; let me utter words which sound sweet unto the Gods; let me utter sweet words unto men who would lend their ears. Let the Gods illumine me and render my speech sweet.
The cessation of all these and the attainment of that peace which passeth understanding, which is Brahman is prayed for.
Chamakam - English. This final section reflects the Vedic thought of "positive thinking". All Right Reserved.
Full Rudram Namakam Chamakam With Lyrics | Mahashivratri Special 2018 | Powerful Shiva Mantras
An analysis of the Chamakam reveals in what a cogent and logical manner it proceeds and it lists out the blessings to be got from a prayer to Rudra, and prays Him to regulate and bless our life for a moment forgetting his anger. This comprises of 11 parts. Let to oneself, one's wildest imaginings would not have traversed over so wide a compass. All the good things of the earth are there. For what purpose? With these transient goods of the world you can perform sacrifices unto the Gods and reach their abodes.
Chamakam English Translation
It comprises two parts, the Namakam and Chamakam. The text is important in Shaivism where Shiva is viewed as the ultimate God. The hymn is an early example of enumerating the names of a deity. It also contains the mantra Aum namah bhagavate rudraya and the Mahamrityunjaya Mantra. Additionally, the devotee asks for the benevolent aspect of Shiva to be invoked rather in the terrible aspect of Rudra and requests for forgiveness of sins. The Chamakam chapter seven asks for the fulfillment of wishes. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.