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A Conquista da Felicidade. Rio: Editora Nova Fronteira, For Bertrand Russell, the first cause of happiness that can be sought by all men is pleasure. For pleasure, one must understand the achievement of something that overcomes some obstacle. Russell understands that man always craves pleasure and he can only be reached when the difficulties in seeking it are overcome.
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Full Name Comment goes here. Are you sure you want to Yes No. Browse by Genre Available eBooks Nazma Faraz. No Downloads. Views Total views. Actions Shares. Embeds 0 No embeds. No notes for slide. The conquest of happiness according bertrand russell 1. To make sense of the word "pleasure," Russell feels that overcoming obstacles requires some expertise. Expertise is key to encouraging creative instincts. In this understanding, the pleasure at its base should be understood as the realization of something that engenders creativity emphasis ours.
In this conceptualization, pleasure can be achieved both by scientists who try to answer problems by rigorous methods, and by painters and writers in contemplating their completed works. Therefore, Russell indicates that pleasure is the way to happiness when it awakens creativity in man emphasis ours. Still in this incentive to creation, Russel explains that important factors to achieve happiness are cooperation and association emphasis ours.
That is to say, creations and inventions must be dialogued or communicated to increase the incentive among men for the vocation. The association of men, around a belief, can bring scientific or artistic questions, in different ways, but that cause pleasure. Happiness, then, has a well-defined path which is the belief in the ideals of the search for pleasure emphasis ours.
In the period that Russell lived, there are philosophical explanations that treat man as a being-to-death or treat life as a drama. These explanations often treat life meaningless or empty of meanings. Such explanations are considered by existentialist schools. Russell does not understand life this way. For him, when there is this loss of meaning man is led by nonsense or manias that are masks to escape from reality.
In the book, in question, Russell devotes a specific chapter that diverges from such existentialist explanations. For him, people want to be loved and not tolerated. Melancholy is the loss of the taste of living. And Russell devotes a special chapter, in his book, to try to investigate this loss by the taste of living.
Let us see the main arguments that he presents. The condition for man to distance himself from melancholy is to have a taste for living. And happiness is the translation of this appetite for life. By appetite to live, one must understand the interest in the things that life presents to us. For Russell, the more objects Man is interested in, the more occasions he will have to be happy. Russell explains that it is the interest in things that surround life, but in perceiving such things we often find ourselves.
The pursuit of happiness in this understanding means that Man is interested in as many things as possible emphasis ours. According to Russell, interests, when they are very restricted, distance Man from happiness because the chance of disappointment is even greater. Therefore, the continuation of the path to happiness is the taste for life and this implies being surprised 2. For there to be redemption of the taste of living, Man must feel loved.
Being loved, Man understands affection as a kindness emphasis ours. We will make it clear that Russell wants to seek the basic meanings so that happiness is rescued by everyone regardless of their location or culture.
So, goodness must be understood as something universal and for this the investigation gains a simpler meaning. Man must rescue the good "in himself. By affection, Man must not act for interest, but always aim at the inherent goodness of the human being.
Therefore, affection is a disinterested exchange that should not aim for safety, protection or escape from loneliness. On the contrary, affection must be encouraged insofar as it integrates Man into a union, into an association that is of no interest. Just the communion of the taste for life.
Russell's text was written with an ethical hedonistic drive. That is, happiness must always be considered as a good persecuted by everybody emphasis ours. The essential categories that we seek to demonstrate in this text reflect Bertrand Russell's attempt to point out the paths to happiness and its obstacles. Unlike happiness, unhappiness is produced by the lack of love for life that causes the disintegration of man emphasis ours.
The happy man, on the contrary, if we consider the categories presented for living, we will feel the unity between the inner and the outer world. Such unity is what prevents him from understanding about life as drama or as melancholy. The unity of the intimate with the external is the fundamental cause of happiness emphasis ours which is a path to be covered by any contemporary ethical discussion. In short, Bertrand Russell considers that happiness and that pleasure at its basis should be understood as the realization of something that engenders creativity.
Cooperation and association are important factors in achieving happiness in scientific work and work in general. This condition will hardly be achieved in a society characterized by competition and conflict between human beings as the capitalist. In other words, happiness will never be achieved in capitalism.
Russell concludes that happiness, then, has a well-defined path which is the belief in the ideals of the pursuit of pleasure and is also the translation of the appetite for life. For his appetite to live, Russell understands how to be interested in things that life presents to us.
By being loved Man understands affection as a kindness. This condition will not be achieved also in a disintegrating society like the capitalist in all quarters of the Earth. Misfortunes are produced by the lack of love for life that cause the disintegration of Man. The pursuit of happiness in this understanding means that Man is interested in as many things as possible. Happiness should always be considered as a good to be pursued by everybody.
This conclusion of Russell points out that happiness must be pursued and shared by all population who, under the present conditions, is impossible to be fulfilled. Russell ends by highlighting the unity of the intimate with the external as the fundamental cause of happiness. This means that happiness will only be complete if there is compatibility between the individual and the external environment. You just clipped your first slide!
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The Conquest of Happiness. Leading the reader step by step through the causes of unhappiness and the personal choices, compromises and sacrifices that may lead to the final, affirmative conclusion of 'The Happy Man', this is popular Bertrand Russell. Download free Ebook PDF On our site we have the best collection of books, descriptions, reviews of the books and their authors The Conquest of Happiness is a wonderful book which thoroughly analyzes the human mind, it's complexities and offers a step by step guidance to conquer our fears and anxieties. First published in , it pre-dates the current obsession with self-help by decades. The Conquest of Happiness is Bertrand Russell's recipe for good living.
A Conquista da Felicidade
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