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The etymology of the name Arabio is unknown, but it is undoubtedly of Semitic origin. It might be the same as that of "Arab" or else derive from the Punic word rab , meaning "leader". The same word existed in biblical Hebrew chief and in Aramaic governor, head of a professional class. The initial A- likely represents a berberisation of the Punic root.

This root is the equivalent of the Numidian root mess , "leader", which is in turn the root of the name of Arabio's father, Masinissa. It was first proposed by the numismatist Jean Mazard in that Arabio's given name was the same as that of his father and that Roman authors referred to him merely by the Punic form with which they were more familiar. The Numidian and Punic languages belong to the Berber and Semitic branches of the Afro-Asiatic language family, respectively.

Arabio managed to escape and join Pompeius' supporters in Hispania. The kingdom of his father was broken up and given to Caesar's allies: the western part to King Bocchus II of Mauretania and the eastern part, including Cirta , to Publius Sittius , a Roman mercenary captain, to be ruled as an autonomous principality. From Africa, he sent men back to Hispania for military training.

He reclaimed his father's kingdom with relative ease, forcing Bocchus into exile, and then contrived to assassinate Sittius through a stratagem. News of his conquests had reached Rome by 14 June 44, when Cicero mentions it in a letter to Atticus. Arabio managed to maintain himself in his kingdom for four years. According to Dio Cassius , he initially took the side of Cornificius as a loyal Pompeian, but he was definitely on the side of Sextius when their allied armies forced Laelius to abandon the siege of Cirta.

In the ensuing battle near Utica , Cornificius was killed and Laelius committed suicide. This allowed Sextius to take control over both provinces of Africa. The extent of Arabio's rule is not precisely known. It probably corresponded to his father's kingdom, which lay between the rivers Sava and Ampsaga. The presence of some "Sittians" Latin sittiani , former followers of Sittius, among the allied forces of Arabio and Confucius suggests that they perhaps remained in control of the late mercenary's principality, including Cirta.

Jean Mazard proposed in that two series of very rare coins belonged to Masinissa II and Arabio, but Gabriel Camps has argued that they more properly belong to the Mauretanian king Mastanesosus. Arabio either actively supported his old ally or else refused to intervene to help Fango. In any case, he was treated as an enemy by the latter. After arriving in Africa Nova, he invaded Arabio's kingdom and forced him to flee. With the cavalry that had fled with him, Arabio reinforced Sextius in Africa Vetus.

Now strengthened, Sextius expelled Fango and reasserted his authority over both provinces. Shortly after his victory, Sextius began to suspect Arabio's loyalty and had him killed. It is probable that the dispute between the Arabio and Sextius centred around the former land of Sittius or at least that part of it which had belonged to Masinissa.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Camps, Gabriel Aix-en-Provence: Edisud. Retrieved 13 February Fage ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. New York: Routledge. Namespaces Article Talk.

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Aoulad Tahar Mohamed. The reigns of Massinissa and his sons were remarkable by the opening of Numidia to Greek world. This hellenization results from the political willingness of numidian sovereigns to refer to hellenistic model as many others non Greeks states did. The interpretation of litterarian, archaeological, and epigraphic sources allows indeed to reduce the importance of commercial exchanges between Numidia and the Greek world, and to emphazise the political and cultural dimension of such documents. Gsell dans son Histoire ancienne de l'Afrique du.


Nos AncĂȘtres Les Rois Numides



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