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Why do people support economic redistribution? Hypotheses include inequity aversion, a moral sense that inequality is intrinsically unfair, and cultural explanations such as exposure to and assimilation of culturally transmitted Hypotheses include inequity aversion, a moral sense that inequality is intrinsically unfair, and cultural explanations such as exposure to and assimilation of culturally transmitted ideologies. However, humans have been interacting with worse-off and better-off individuals over evolutionary time, and our motivational systems may have been naturally selected to navigate the opportunities and challenges posed by such recurrent interactions.
We hypothesize that modern redistribution is perceived as an ancestral scene involving three notional players: the needy other, the better-off other, and the actor herself.
We explore how three motivational systems—compassion, self-interest, and envy—guide responses to the needy other and the better-off other, and how they pattern responses to redistribution. Endorsement of redistribution is independently predicted by dispositional compassion, dispositional envy, and the expectation of personal gain from redistribution.
By contrast, a taste for fairness, in the sense of i universality in the application of laws and standards, or ii low variance in group-level payoffs, fails to predict attitudes about redistribution. Save to Library. Successive Negative Contrast and Incentive Devaluation.
View on scielo. Sznycer, D. Tooby, J. Cross-cultural regularities in the cognitive architecture of pride. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Pride occurs in every known culture, appears early in development , is reliably triggered by achievements and formidability, and causes a characteristic display that is recognized everywhere.
Here, we evaluate the theory that pride Here, we evaluate the theory that pride evolved to guide decisions relevant to pursuing actions that enhance valuation and respect for a person in the minds of others. By hypothesis, pride is a neurocomputational program tailored by selection to orchestrate cognition and behavior in the service of: i motivating the cost-effective pursuit of courses of action that would increase others' valuations and respect of the individual, ii motivating the advertisement of acts or characteristics whose recognition by others would lead them to enhance their evaluations of the individual, and iii mobilizing the individual to take advantage of the resulting enhanced social landscape.
To modulate how much to invest in actions that might lead to enhanced evaluations by others, the pride system must forecast the magnitude of the evaluations the action would evoke in the audience and calibrate its activation proportionally. This relationship is specific to pride and does not generalize to other positive emotions that coactivate with pride but lack its audience-recalibrating function. View on aacademica.
Scaling relative incentive value: Different adjustments to incentive downshift in pigeons and rats more. View on cat. Publication Name: Suma Psicologica. Renewal Effect , Extinction , and Conditioning. Consummatory suppression due to incentive downshift is not a consequence of enhanced search behavior more. Cross-cultural regularities in the cognitive architecture of pride more. Remember me on this computer.
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