He studied at Jesus College, Oxford, graduating with a B. Thereafter he became rector of Llansaintfraid and supported the Royalist cause in the Civil War. Ejected from his living by a parliamentary commission in , he practiced as an alchemist, or chemical philosopher, in London. He was also responsible for publishing an English translation of the Rosicrucian manifestos Fama and Confessio in During the s he became acquainted with Samuel Hartlib and two future fellows of the Royal Society : Thomas Henshaw, dedicatee of Anima Magica Abscondita, and Sir Robert Moray , with whom he conducted alchemical investigations.
|Published (Last):||17 November 2007|
|PDF File Size:||1.54 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||17.83 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
He is now remembered for his work in the field of natural magic. A Royalist clergyman from Brecon , Wales , Thomas was the twin brother of the poet Henry Vaughan ,  both being born at Newton , in the parish of St. Briget's, in Vaughan took part in the Battle of Rowton Heath in But in , Vaughan was evicted from the parish because of his Royalist sympathies.
Vaughan later became involved with a plan of Robert Child to form a chemical club, with a laboratory and library, the main aim being to translate and collect chemical works.
He married his wife Rebecca in and spent the next period of his life in London. His wife died in Vaughan died at the house of Samuel Kem , at Albury, Oxfordshire. Although he did not practice medicine, Vaughan sought to apply his chemical skills to preparing medicines in the manner recommended by Paracelsus. He corresponded with Samuel Hartlib , who by was paying attention to Vaughan as author,  and established a reputation with his book Anthroposophia Theomagica , a magico-mystical work.
Vaughan was the author of tracts published under the pseudonym Eugenius Philalethes , as is now generally agreed. Vaughan was unusual amongst alchemists of the time  in that he worked closely with his wife Rebecca Vaughan. He was a self-described member of the "Society of Unknown Philosophers", and was responsible for translating into English in the Fama Fraternitatis Rosae Crucis , an anonymous Rosicrucian manifesto first published in in Kassel.
Allen G. Debus has written that a simple explanation of Vaughan's natural philosophy, in its mature form, is as the De occulta of Cornelius Agrippa , in an exposition coming via the views of Michael Sendivogius. According to some writers of catalogues of hermetic and alchemical treatises such as John Ferguson, Denis Ian Duveen, Vinci Verginelli et al.
Anno , i. Vaughan quarrelled in print with Henry More. Vaughan fell out with an alchemical collaborator, Edward Bolnest, over money matters and alleged broken promises, and the matter came to litigation after Bolnest had threatened violence. He is reported as having confessed that he had "long sought and long missed From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Thomas Vaughan. Sullivan; Alan Stewart 1 February The Encyclopedia of English Renaissance Literature.
Retrieved 7 June Oxford Dictionary of National Biography online ed. Oxford University Press. Subscription or UK public library membership required. CUP Archive. Debus Jeremy Mills Publishing. Newman 15 February University of Chicago Press. Brann SUNY Press. Milton and the Ends of Time. Cambridge University Press. Categories : births deaths Welsh philosophers Alumni of Jesus College, Oxford Protestant mystics Welsh alchemists Twin people from Wales 17th-century philosophers 17th-century Welsh writers 17th-century Welsh scientists 17th-century Christian mystics 17th-century alchemists.
Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Contribute Help Community portal Recent changes Upload file.
Works of Thomas Vaughan: Eugenius Philalethes
Thomas Vaughan (philosopher)
Vaughan, Thomas (Eugenius Philalethes; 1622–1666)