Umayyad dynasty , also spelled Omayyad , the first great Muslim dynasty to rule the empire of the caliphate — ce , sometimes referred to as the Arab kingdom reflecting traditional Muslim disapproval of the secular nature of the Umayyad state. They had initially resisted Islam , not converting until , but subsequently became prominent administrators under Muhammad and his immediate successors. The Umayyads were the first Muslim dynasty, established in in Damascus. The Umayyads also oversaw a rapid expansion of territory, extending as far west as Spain and as far east as India, allowing both Islam and the Arabic language to spread over a vast area.
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You are on the Pakistan website. The Umayyad Caliphate c. Although the Umayyad family originally came from the city of Makkah, their capital was Damascus and then Constantinople. At its greatest extent, it covered more than five million square miles 13,, km2 , making it one of the largest Muslim empires the world had yet seen, and the seventh largest contiguous empire ever to exist.
Read More. Pakistan International United Arab Emirates. Cart 0. Cart is empty. View cart. Sign In. Orders Wish list Track my order s. Track my order s. Sign in Register E-mail. Password Forgot your password? Register for a new account. Sign in. Remember me. Contact Back. Publisher: Darussalam Publishers. Author s : Ibn Katheer. Weight: 0. Write a review. In stock. Add to cart Buy now with 1-click. Description Features Ask a Question.
Language: english. Book Pages: Book Size: 14x Genre: History, General. Color: 2 color. Questions Search. Sir is this book available in Urdu? And do you have any other book which covers ''Abbasia dynasty''? Thank you for showing interest in our publications.
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Muhammad united the tribes of Arabia into a single Arab Muslim religious polity in the last years of his life. He established a new unified Arabian Peninsula, which led to the Rashidun and Umayyad Caliphates and the rapid expansion of Muslim power over the next century. With additional support, Abu Bakr was confirmed as the first caliph religious successor to Muhammad that same year. Ali would eventually become the fourth Sunni caliph. Sunni Muslims believe and confirm that Abu Bakr was chosen by the community and that this was the proper procedure. Sunnis further argue that a caliph should ideally be chosen by election or community consensus. Caliph Abu Bakr insisted that they had not just submitted to a leader, but joined the Islamic community of Ummah.
In the pre-Islamic period, they were a prominent clan of the Meccan tribe of Quraysh , descended from Umayya ibn Abd Shams. Despite staunch opposition to the Islamic prophet Muhammad , the Umayyads embraced Islam before the latter's death in A member of the clan, Uthman , went on to become the third Rashidun caliph in —, while other members held various governorships. One of these governors, Mu'awiya I , after the assassination of Ali ibn Abi talib in and established the Umayyad Caliphate with its capital in Damascus , Syria. This marked the beginning of the Umayyad dynasty , the first hereditary dynasty in the history of Islam , and the only one to rule over the entire Islamic world of its time.
Caliphate of Banu Umayyah
Availability date:. The minimum purchase order quantity for the product is 1. Publisher: Dar-us-Salam Buy with an account and earn 15 loyalty points. Darussalam is proud to present the abridged English translation of the classic work: Al-Bidayah wan Nihayah , which covers the Caliphate of Bani Umayyah.
The third Caliph , Uthman ibn Affan r. The family established dynastic, hereditary rule with Muawiya ibn Abi Sufyan , long-time governor of Syria , who became the sixth Caliph after the end of the First Muslim Civil War in After Mu'awiyah's death in , conflicts over the succession resulted in a Second Civil War  and power eventually fell into the hands of Marwan I from another branch of the clan. Syria remained the Umayyads' main power base thereafter, and Damascus was their capital. The dynasty was eventually overthrown by a rebellion led by the Abbasids in Survivors of the dynasty established themselves in Cordoba which, in the form of an Emirate and then a Caliphate , became a world centre   of science, medicine, philosophy and invention, ushering in the period of the Golden Age of Islam.