Embed Size px x x x x I am forever grateful to my wife, Margaret, for her hard work inpreparing this book for publication. She spent hundreds of hours at thecomputer, typing, correcting and rearranging text. I appreciate thesupport of Dr. Gyula Ndas and the rpd Academy who have helpedfinance this project, and who trust that this book will be an instrument inthe solution of the problems of the minorities in Europe, particularlythose of the Hungarians. I thank Bishop Tibor Dmtr for his financialhelp, the time he spent reading the manuscript, giving suggestions, andhis enthusiasm in promoting the publication of this book.
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Huns - Magyars. H istory o f horse archer nations and t heir military c ulture. In history books today, Atilla is presented as a short, stocky barbarian and Magyars are presented barbarian hordes, who conquered the Carpathian Basin in AD.
This album helps to dispel this concept. We can see the military strength of the Scythians, Huns and Magyars and the dexterity of the horse-archers.
The Scythians were the first to develop the composite bow, which could shoot up to meters and they developed the use of trousers and boots suitable for life on horseback. This book is important because it traces the history of the equestrian peoples and demonstrates the connections between the Sumerians, Scythians, Huns and Magyars and the Hungarians of today.
In order for the English-speaking reader to understand the true background of these drawings, we need to explain that the ancient homeland of all these peoples was originally the Carpathian Basin, sometimes referred to as the Danube Valley. The Carpathian Basin is geographically ideal for settlement. It is a large plain surrounded by mountains and well watered by mountain streams and rivers. It is a territory with natural defenses, accessed through only a few mountain-passes, which has been continuously inhabited since ancient times; in fact, in the Bronze Age, there was a flourishing metalworking industry, with trade connections to Sumer and Egypt.
London, , p. Bronze Age objects in Western Europe date to B. According to Grover Krantz, the Hungarian language is the oldest language in Europe. Geographical Development of European Languages. Peter Lang, At the end of the third millennium B. They traveled on horseback and with horse drawn carriages. The invention of the wheel can be credited to the ancient people of the Carpathian Basin. Buenos Aires, This would indicate that the people who migrated from the Carpathian Basin not only traveled by wagon but also brought with them their burial customs to Mesopotamia.
During this migration, they settled and established lasting states and they took with them their skills in agriculture, their religious beliefs, their military traditions and their runic script which goes back 40, years and was the base of all modern writing systems Varga Csaba: Jel, Jel, Jel.
Budapest, They even reached Egypt by sea. In Egypt the name of the Great Sphinx was hun. Here the runic signs developed into cuneiform and hieroglyphics. Many historians state that the Sumerians simply "disappeared" after the Akkadians conquered them but in fact they were forced to flee from Mesopotamia and establish new states north of the Caucasus. The twin sons of King Nimrud, Hunor and Magor, each with one hundred warriors, followed the White Stag, through the Meotis Marsh, and disappeared from their sight.
Hunor and Magor found the two daughters of King Dul of the Alans, together with their handmaidens, whom they kidnapped and their descendants became the Huns and the Magyars.
At that time, to be named the descendants of Nimrud was not a claim to distinction. After the discovery of the Sumerian tablets, when the whole world accepted Sumer as the cradle of civilization, it became popular for nations to link their ancestry to the Sumerians.
In the legend, the distant past and the actual historical events became intermingled. The Magyar people are definitely more ancient than historians lead us to believe.
Budapest, , p. When the Greek historians recorded the history of the migrating Sumerians, they used many different names for the same people that they had fabricated in the Greek language.
Thus the ancient Caspian people were named "Scutas" or "Scyhae" Scythians. Justinus M. Junius, a Roman historian who lived in the second century A. Calmet, the famous biblical commentator, noted that another frequently mentioned Scythian tribe was the Saga tribe.
This name, "Saga", was a Greek name for the Kush Chus tribe. Both names refer to the same people. Calmet says that the same thing happened to the Massageta tribe. The name "Massageta" is of Armenian origin but was distorted by the Greeks.
The Armenian meaning of "Massageta" was "Great Chus". According to Armenian writings, "Massageta" was originally written "Maschus" or "Massachut". They combined two words, "Mas" and "Chus" or "Chut". The Armenians used "Massachut". The Greeks pronounced it "Massageta". From the Chus name came the later name Chazar or Kazar.
The ancient historians most often mention these three tribes: Daha, Saca and Massageta. All three mention different people's names. Herodotus mentions Tomyris as Queen of the Massageta. Among the ancient Scythian peoples, the Parthians have an important historical name. The Armenian historians sometimes called them "Chus" Kush and sometimes "Parthus". Finally the name "Parthus" remained.
Garfield, N. The Rev. The Persians called them "Abar". Around A. The names "Abar" and "Apar" were used for the same people that the ancient Greeks called "Aparno" who were actually the Parthians. The history of the Parthians is not yet well-known. Historians represent them as a people of unknown origin, in spite of the fact that there are enough data to identify their origin. Their empire extended from the Euphrates River to India and for five hundred years Rome was unable to defeat them.
In 53 B. At that time, the territory of Syria Palestine came under the rule of the Parthians and in 39 B. Is it possible that the Roman historians knew nothing about the enemy that they continued to attack unsuccessfully during a period of five hundred years? Perhaps it was the religious world-view that intended us to forget this powerful empire, where the people lived with religious tolerance as opposed to the neighboring Semitic people who lived with the laws of their revengeful God.
The Parthians worshipped the all-loving God who loves all of Mankind without exception the Magus religion. Perhaps this religious world-view intends us to forget that the three wise men from the East, who came to visit Jesus, came from the Parthian Empire, and that they had been waiting for Him, the Light of the World, for three thousand years. He was to bring peace to replace the eye-for-eye revenge of the Semites. The Wise Men must have come from Parthia because it was only large territory east of the Roman Empire.
Buenos Aires, , pp. Professor Basham writes that the Parthians came from the North in about B. In a very short time, they were able to establish an empire which extended from the River Euphrates, in the west, to the Indus River, in the east.
This empire lasted for five hundred years in spite of constant attacks by the Romans. During that period of time there was no civil war within the Empire. The Parthians were united in their struggle against the Romans. Another interesting fact is that they introduced entirely new customs and decorative motifs to the people of this territory. Jose Pijoan describes the arts of the Parthians. He states that the Parthian art cannot be categorized as Hellenistic as is generally claimed, but was the "forerunner" of the Byzantine style of art.
This conclusion was drawn from artifacts found in recent excavations in the Chorezm which were created by the Sassanidae, one of the many peoples who lived in the Parthian Empire. In addition to the Parthian art objects, there can be found ornaments of many different styles, which indicates that the Parthians were a people of an advanced and enlightened culture. Moreover, the theater was already a well-developed art form. We can definitely say that these people were not nomads as is generally believed.
According to Richard N. Frye, the Parthian custom for the succession of kings was "unusual and obviously Asian". The crown was inherited by the eldest male of the ruling tribe, who also had to be the fittest, physically and mentally, and not necessarily the son of the deceased ruler. If we combine the observations of Basham, Pijoan and Frye, we can conclude that the Parthians came from the North; their art was unique and their custom of royal succession indicates that they were Turanian or Ural-Altaic.
Historians say that the term "Turanian" or "Ural-Altaic" is just as comprehensive as the term "Indo-European", so we are actually no closer to identifying the origins of the Parthians. However, one source, Sebeos, tells us that, in B. If we examine more closely the three peoples who made up the Parthian ethnic unit, the Sarmatians, the Sacae and the Kush, we will come to a surprising conclusion: all three are of "unknown origins".
At least, this is what the Indo-European historians and linguists teach us. How is it possible that a powerful nation that ruled for years and developed such a high level of civilization and culture could be "of unknown origin"? When the Greeks came to the conclusion that the Scythians were made up of many different peoples, the concept of "Scythian" changed.
Procopius wrote of Atilla's "Massageta-Hun" regiment. All these names were incorrect because they were not the names by which these peoples called themselves but were all Greco-Roman historical distortions. Present day historians use approximately names for these same peoples who lived in Eurasia. Munich, , p. Historians generally believe that the ancient Scythian people died out or were absorbed into other nations but, as the findings of archeologists in Mesopotamia became known, historians noticed that these Greco-Roman names were not known in Sumer, Babylon, Assyria, Chaldea, Syria, Elam, Persia and the territory of the Hittites.
Badiny Jós Ferenc - A Magyar Biblia
Today he is considered a national hero in Hungary. His full title was: Franciscus II. His grandfather and great-grandfather, both called George, were Princes of Transylvania. He had a brother, George, who died as a baby before Francis was born, and a sister, Julianna, who was four years older than Francis. His father died when Francis II was four months old.
Botos László - The Road to the Dictated Peace
Huns - Magyars. H istory o f horse archer nations and t heir military c ulture. In history books today, Atilla is presented as a short, stocky barbarian and Magyars are presented barbarian hordes, who conquered the Carpathian Basin in AD. This album helps to dispel this concept. We can see the military strength of the Scythians, Huns and Magyars and the dexterity of the horse-archers.
Seller Rating:. Condition: Fair. A readable copy. All pages are intact, and the cover is intact. Pages can include considerable notes-in pen or highlighter-but the notes cannot obscure the text. Seller Inventory GI5N