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Suvorov is considered to be one of the few generals in history who never lost a battle He was famed for his military manual The Science of Victory and noted for several of his sayings, including "What is difficult in training will become easy in a battle", "The bullet is a mad thing; only the bayonet knows what it is about", and "Perish yourself but rescue your comrade!
He taught his soldiers to attack instantly and decisively: "Attack with the cold steel! Push hard with the bayonet! Suvorov was born into a noble family originating from Novgorod. Some of his ancestors had emigrated from Sweden in Suvorov speaking with General Gannibal. As a boy, Suvorov was a sickly child and his father assumed he would work in civil service as an adult. He tried to overcome his physical ailments through rigorous exercise and exposure to hardship.
His father, however, insisted that he was not fit for the military. When Alexander was 12, General Gannibal , who lived in the neighborhood, overheard his father complaining about Alexander, and asked to speak to the child. Gannibal was so impressed with the boy that he persuaded the father to allow him to pursue the career of his choice.
During this period he continued his studies attending classes at Cadet Corps of Land Forces. He gained his first battle experience fighting against the Prussians during the Seven Years' War — After repeatedly distinguishing himself in battle Suvorov became a colonel in , aged around The Russo-Turkish War of — saw his first successful campaigns against the Turks in —, and particularly in the Battle of Kozluca , he laid the foundations of his reputation, becoming a lieutenant-general in His later earned victories against the Ottomans bolstered the morale of his soldiers who were outnumbered, usually.
His astuteness in war was uncanny. In , Suvorov was dispatched to suppress the rebellion of Pugachev , who claimed to be the assassinated Tsar Peter III, but arrived at the scene only in time to conduct the first interrogation of the rebel leader, who had been betrayed by his fellow Cossacks and was eventually beheaded in Moscow. From to Suvorov served in the Crimea and in the Caucasus, general of infantry in , upon completion of his tour of duty there.
In both these battles an Austrian corps under Prince Josias of Saxe-Coburg participated, but at the battle of Rymnik Suvorov was in command of the whole allied forces. On 22 December Suvorov successfully stormed the reputedly impenetrable fortress of Ismail in Bessarabia. Turkish forces inside the fortress had the orders to stand their ground to the end and haughtily declined the Russian ultimatum. Their defeat was seen as a major catastrophe in the Ottoman empire , but in Russia it was glorified in the first national anthem, Let the thunder of victory sound!
Suvorov announced the capture of Ismail in to the Tsarina Catherine in a doggerel couplet. Suvorov established a fearsome reputation in operations against the Turks and Poles before the wars with Revolutionary France. He performed well on the Italian and Swiss fronts in On November 4, , Suvorov's forces stormed Warsaw and captured Praga , one of its boroughs. According to some sources  the massacre was the deed of Cossacks who were semi-independent and were not directly subordinate to Suvorov.
The Russian general was supposedly trying to stop the massacre and even went to the extent of ordering the destruction of the bridge to Warsaw over the Vistula river  with the purpose of preventing the spread of violence to Warsaw from its suburb. Other historians dispute this,  but most sources make no reference to Suvorov either deliberately encouraging or attempting to prevent the massacre. Suvorov sent a report to his sovereign consisting of only three words: " Hurrah, Warsaw's ours!
Catherine replied in two words: " Hurrah, Fieldmarshal! The newly appointed field marshal remained in Poland until , when he returned to Saint Petersburg. But his sovereign and friend Catherine died in , and her son and successor Paul I dismissed the veteran in disgrace. Exiled Suvorov receiving the Emperor's order to lead the Russian army against Napoleon. Suvorov spent the next few years in retirement on his estate Konchanskoye near Borovichi.
He criticised the new military tactics and dress introduced by the emperor, and some of his caustic verse reached the ears of Paul. His conduct therefore came under surveillance and his correspondence with his wife, who had remained at Moscow—for his marriage relations had not been happy—was tampered with. It is recorded that on Sundays he tolled the bell for church and sang among the rustics in the village choir.
On week days he worked among them in a smock-frock. However, in February Paul summoned him to take the field again, this time against the French Revolutionary armies in Italy.
French troops were driven from Italy, save for a handful in the Maritime Alps and around Genoa. Suvorov himself gained the rank of "prince of the House of Savoy" from the king of Sardinia. Russian troops under Generalissimo Suvorov crossing the Alps in But the later events of the eventful year went uniformly against the Russians. Betrayed by the Austrians, the old field marshal, seeking to make his way over the Swiss passes to the Upper Rhine, had to retreat to Vorarlberg, where the army, much shattered and almost destitute of horses and artillery, went into winter quarters.
When Suvorov battled his way through the snow-capped Alps his army was checked but never defeated. For this marvel of strategic retreat, unheard of since the time of Hannibal , Suvorov became the fourth generalissimo of Russia. Early in Suvorov returned to Saint Petersburg. Paul refused to give him an audience, and, worn out and ill, the old veteran died a few days afterwards on 18 May , at Saint Petersburg.
Lord Whitworth , the British ambassador, and the poet Gavrila Derzhavin were the only persons of distinction present at the funeral. Suvorov lies buried in the church of the Annunciation in the Alexander Nevsky Monastery , the simple inscription on his grave stating, according to his own direction, "Here lies Suvorov".
But within a year of his death the tsar Alexander I erected a statue to his memory in the Field of Mars. In , Suvorov founded Tiraspol , today the capital city of Transnistria. An equestrian statue of Suvorov sits in the central square of the city. Vladimir First Class, Order of St. Alexander Nevsky , Order of St. Lazarus on Suvorov's son, Arkadi Suvorov — served as a general officer in the Russian army during the Napoleonic and Turkish wars of the early 19th century, and drowned in the same river Rymnik that had brought his father so much fame.
Suvorov's daughter Natalia Alexandrovna — known under her name Suvorochka married count Nikolay Zubov. Russians have long cherished the memory of Suvorov as a great captain of the Russian nation, and for the character of his leadership.
In an age when war had become an act of diplomacy, he restored its significance as an act of force. He had a great simplicity of manner, and while on a campaign lived as a private soldier, sleeping on straw and contenting himself with the humblest fare. According to D. Mirsky , Suvorov "gave much attention to the form of his correspondence, and especially of his orders of the day. These latter are highly original, deliberately aiming at unexpected and striking effects.
Their style is a succession of nervous staccato sentences, which produce the effect of blow and flashes. Suvorov's official reports often assume a memorable and striking form. His writings are as different from the common run of classical prose as his tactics were from those of Frederick or Marlborough ".
His gibes procured him many enemies. He had all the contempt of a man of ability and action for ignorant favourites and ornamental carpet-knights. But his drolleries served sometimes to hide, more often to express, a soldierly genius, the effect of which the Russian army did not soon outgrow. If the tactics of the Russians in the Russo-Japanese War of — reflected too literally some of the maxims of Suvorov's Turkish wars, the spirit of self-sacrifice, resolution and indifference to losses there shown formed a precious legacy from those wars.
Mikhail Ivanovich Dragomirov declared that he based his teaching on Suvorov's practice, which he held as representative of the fundamental truths of war and of the military qualities of the Russian nation. The Suvorov Museum opened in Saint Petersburg in to commemorate the centenary of the general's death.
Apart from in St. Various currency notes of the Transnistrian ruble depict Suvorov. His prowess, military wisdom, and daring remain high regard. Another of his many utterances, "Achieve victory not by numbers, but by knowing how" is well known in the Russian military. Traditionally he managed 93 battles and was never beaten. A bust of the Generalissimo is prominently displayed in the office of the Russian Minister of Defense. Sign In Don't have an account? For other uses, see Suvorov disambiguation.
Alexander Suvorov, shown here in a painting by George Dawe. Suvorov is depicted in his uniform of the Preobrazhensky Regiment worn during the reign of Paul I of Russia. Contents [ show ]. Main article: Italian and Swiss expedition — Lords of the Horizons , p.
Henry Holt and Company, Retrieved June 29, The Reader's Companion to Military History. Houghton Mifflin Books. Retrieved Goodwin, Lords of the Horizons , p. A History of Russian Literature. Northwestern University Press. Categories :. Cancel Save.
Aleksandr Suvorov was probably one of Imperial Russia's finest military commanders, never having been defeated in battle. He came from an old noble family that traced its roots of military service back to the sixteenth century. Suvorov began serving in the army in , and during the Seven Years' War he performed a variety of duties and got some experience leading troops into battle. His campaigns in Poland during the First Partition, earned him high praise and promotion. He performed brilliantly during the first war with Turkey ; between and in the Crimea and Caucasus where he was wounded in battle; the second war with Turkey where he won a series of spectacular victories; and in Poland again. It was after the campaign in Poland that Suvorov wrote his military manual, the Science of Victory Nauka Pobedy , which circulated in manuscript form before finally being published in
Aleksandr Vasilyevich Suvorov, Count Rimniksky
First Russo-Turkish War. War of the Second Coalition. Suvorov was born in Moscow. He studied military history as a young boy and joined the Imperial Russian Army at the age of
Alexander Suvorov. Biography of the Commander
His grandfather, Ivan Grigorievich, was the general clerk of the Preobrazhensky order, who was in charge of political investigations. History lacks the precise information about the year of A. Some historians adhere to the , others consider the more correct on the basis of a number of documents. Hubert, and the French St. Catherine the Virgin. In Alexander Vasilyevich was filed as a Private in the Life Guards Regiment of Semenov, but he studied sciences at home until after which, as a corporal, he began active service in the regiment. During the years, under the command of P.